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Global LNG Market: Size and Trends with Impact of COVID-19 and Forecast up to 2028

Publish Date:Oct 2023
No. of Pages:136

Format : Adobe Reader (PDF) Instant delivery

US$ 2,250.00

Global LNG Market: Analysis By Demand, By Supply, By Trade, By Import, By Export, By Region Size and Trends with Impact of COVID-19 and Forecast up to 2028


The global LNG market supply was 414.52 million tonnes per annum in 2022. Whereas, the global LNG market trade has reached 405.49 million tonnes per annum in 2022. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is a versatile and environmentally friendly energy source that is derived from natural gas. LNG is a crucial component of the global energy landscape, serving as a cleaner alternative to traditional fossil fuels for power generation, heating, and transportation, while also enabling access to natural gas resources worldwide.

Many countries are turning to LNG as a cleaner alternative to coal and oil for power generation and heating, driven by environmental concerns and emissions reduction targets. Also, the development of LNG import infrastructure, such as regasification terminals and distribution networks, has made it easier for nations to access LNG. Moreover, it is anticipated that the global LNG market will see a tidal wave of new projects come online starting in mid-2025. Furthermore, liquefaction operators and investors are fast-tracking liquefaction capacity expansion plans and project FIDs (Final Investment Decisions) and optimizing existing floating units. Hence, the global LNG market has been increasing in the past few years and this trend is expected to continue in the forthcoming years. On the other hand, the LNG demand is expected to grow at a CAGR of 3.72% over the projected period of 2023-2028.

Market Segmentation Analysis:

By Supply: The global LNG market has been analyzed based on the LNG supply. The global LNG supply is expected to rise in the forthcoming years owing to the development of new LNG export facilities, advances in liquefaction technology, rising natural gas production, and the expansion of LNG trade networks. Additionally, the growing demand for cleaner energy sources, particularly in Asia, has incentivized increased LNG production to meet energy needs and reduce emissions, which would further boost LNG supply in the coming years.

By Demand: The global LNG market has been further analyzed based on the LNG demand. The LNG demand has been increasing as the maritime industry is adopting LNG as a cleaner alternative to traditional marine fuels, driven by stricter emissions regulations. Also, emerging economies, especially in Asia, are experiencing rapid industrialization and urbanization, leading to higher energy consumption, which is boosting LNG demand for various applications.

The global LNG market demand has been bifurcated based on the following regions namely, Asia Pacific, European Union, Middle East & North Africa, Latin America, North America, and Rest of the World. Asia Pacific held the highest share of the market. China’s ongoing investment in regasification capacity, its apparent lack of appetite for further Russian pipeline gas, and its repeated deal-making for long-term supply contracts with both Qatar and the US signal its ongoing commitment to LNG growth within its energy mix. ON the other hand, in 2022, Europe’s demand for LNG has risen dramatically during the Russia-Ukraine conflict—and could rise yet again in 2023, as Europe adjusts to another expected annual decline in Russian pipeline gas shipments.

By Trade: The LNG market has been analyzed based on trade. The increase in LNG imports was significantly driven by Europe in 2022, which saw the largest annual increase compared to 2021. According to International Gas Union, as of April 2023, global LNG trade now connects 20 exporting markets with 48 importing markets, including first-time LNG importer Germany in Europe and, more recently, the Philippines. Whereas, the global LNG exports have also been increasing in recent years due to several key factors. The abundance of natural gas reserves, particularly in the US and Australia, has led to a surge in LNG production capacity.

By Import: The global LNG market import can be divided into the following regions: Japan, China, South Korea, France, Spain, India, the UK, and Rest of the World. Japan held the highest share of the market in terms of imports. China’s LNG imports may recover in 2023, due primarily to the increase in long-term contract volumes. In 2021 and 2022, Chinese buyers also signed significantly more long-term LNG supply contracts than in previous years (primarily from the US and Qatar), indicating a desire to secure supply volume and costs.

By Export: The global LNG market export can be divided into the following regions: Australia, the US, Qatar, Russia, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Rest of the World. In 2022, Australia held the highest share of the market in terms of exports. The growth in exports in the US as mainly driven by the start-up of the Sabine Pass Train 6 and Calcasieu Pass projects. Malaysia's LNG production is set to rise due to a combination of LNG production capacity additions and the potential increase in LNG production from the Bintulu plant.

Market Dynamics:

Growth Drivers: The global LNG market growth is predicted to be supported by numerous growth drivers such as liquefaction capacity development, increasing regasification capacity, escalating energy consumption, increasing greenhouse emission, favorable government initiatives and policy actions, increasing demand from maritime sector, and many other factors. Expanding liquefaction capacity allows for the production of more LNG. As the supply of LNG increases, it can meet growing demand, both domestically and for international export. This helps stabilize prices and ensures a consistent supply of natural gas. Moreover, for countries that are dependent on natural gas imports, developing their own liquefaction capacity enhances energy security by reducing reliance on a single supplier.

Challenges: However, the market growth would be negatively impacted by various challenges such as price volatility, energy transition and competition from renewables, high infrastructure costs, etc.

Trends: The market is projected to grow at a fast pace during the forecast period, due to various latest trends such as increasing number of new LNG projects, growing long-term SPA signings, increasing demand for green energy, digitalization and automation, growing usage of lower emission LNG technologies, etc. Increasing long-term SPA (Sale and Purchase Agreement) signings in the LNG market can have a significant impact on its growth. These agreements, typically spanning 10-20 years, provide stability and predictability for both buyers and sellers. A surge in long-term SPAs encourages more investment in LNG infrastructure, including liquefaction facilities and export terminals. This expansion leads to higher production capacity, which can meet growing global demand.

Impact Analysis of COVID-19 and Way Forward:

COVID-19 had negatively affected the growth of the global LNG market in the initial period of 2020, but as the restrictions eased, the market growth rates came back to the trajectory. The COVID-19 pandemic had a dual impact on the global LNG market, initially causing a demand slump and supply disruptions, but also highlighting the resilience of long-term supply contracts and the adaptability of the LNG industry in navigating challenging market conditions. The long-term implications include a reassessment of supply chain vulnerabilities and the potential for increased flexibility in LNG contracts to respond to future market shocks. The post-COVID-19 period has brought about a recovery in LNG demand, increased price volatility, continued infrastructure development, and a heightened focus on LNG's role in the energy transition.

Competitive Landscape:

The global LNG market is concentrated, with few players operating on a global scale. The key players in the global LNG market are:

Chevron Corporation
Shell plc
ExxonMobil Corporation
TotalEnergies SE
QatarEnergy
BP plc.
Woodside Energy Group Ltd.
ConocoPhillips
Inpex Corporation
Equinor
Cheniere Energy, Inc.
China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC)

ExxonMobil is engaged in the development and application of new technologies to construct the world’s largest LNG ships and trains, which help minimize unit costs and maximize the value of natural gas from Qatar’s North Field. On the other hand, QatarEnergy signed an agreement with Korea’s HD Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) for the construction of 17 ultra-modern LNG carriers. Also, QatarEnergy has the largest liquefied natural gas export capacity of any natural gas company in the world. As of July 2022, the state-owned company had an LNG export capacity of 56.2 million tons per annum.


Tags :

1. Executive Summary

2. Introduction

2.1 LNG: An Overview 
2.1.1 Introduction to LNG
2.1.2 Uses of LNG
2.1.3 Advantages of LNG over Traditional Fuels

3. Global Market Analysis

3.1 Global LNG Market: Supply Analysis

3.1.1 Global LNG Market by Supply: An Overview
3.1.2 Global LNG Market by Supply

3.2 Global LNG Market: Demand Analysis

3.2.1 Global LNG Market by Demand: An Overview
3.2.2 Global LNG Market by Demand
3.2.3 Global LNG Market Demand by Region (Asia Pacific, European Union, Middle East & North Africa, Latin America, North America, and Rest of the World)

3.3 Global LNG Market: Trade Analysis

3.3.1 Global LNG Market by Trade: An Overview
3.3.2 Global LNG Market by Trade

4. Regional Demand Analysis

4.1 Global LNG Market Demand: Regional Analysis 
4.1.1 Global LNG Market Demand by Region: An Overview

4.2 Asia Pacific LNG Market Demand: An Analysis 

4.2.1 Asia Pacific LNG Market by Demand
4.2.2 Asia Pacific LNG Market Demand by Region (Japan, China, South Korea, India, Taiwan, and Rest of Asia Pacific)
4.2.3 Japan LNG Market by Demand
4.2.4 China LNG Market by Demand
4.2.5 South Korea LNG Market by Demand
4.2.6 India LNG Market by Demand
4.2.7 Taiwan LNG Market by Demand
4.2.8 Rest of Asia Pacific LNG Market by Demand

4.3 European Union LNG Market Demand: An Analysis 
4.3.1 European Union LNG Market by Demand

4.4 Middle East & North Africa LNG Market Demand: An Analysis 
4.4.1 Middle East & North Africa LNG Market by Demand

4.5 Latin America LNG Market Demand: An Analysis 
4.5.1 Latin America LNG Market by Demand

4.6 North America LNG Market Demand: An Analysis 
4.6.1 North America LNG Market by Demand

4.7 Rest of World LNG Market Demand: An Analysis 
4.7.1 Rest of World LNG Market by Demand

5. Regional Import/Export Analysis

5.1 Global LNG Market Import: Regional Analysis
5.1.1 Global LNG Market Import by Region: An Overview

5.2 Japan LNG Market Import: An Analysis
5.2.1 Japan LNG Market by Import

5.3 China LNG Market Import: An Analysis
5.3.1 China LNG Market by Import

5.4 South Korea LNG Market Import: An Analysis
5.4.1 South Korea LNG Market by Import

5.5 France LNG Market Import: An Analysis
5.5.1 France LNG Market by Import

5.6 Spain LNG Market Import: An Analysis
5.6.1 Spain LNG Market by Import

5.7 India LNG Market Import: An Analysis
5.7.1 India LNG Market by Import

5.8 UK LNG Market Import: An Analysis
5.8.1 UK LNG Market by Import

5.9 Global LNG Market Export: Regional Analysis
5.9.1 Global LNG Market Export by Region: An Overview

5.10 Australia LNG Market Export: An Analysis
5.10.1 Australia LNG Market by Export

5.11 The US LNG Market Export: An Analysis
5.11.1 The US LNG Market by Export

5.12 Qatar LNG Market Export: An Analysis
5.12.1 Qatar LNG Market by Export

5.13 Russia LNG Market Export: An Analysis
5.13.1 Russia LNG Market by Export

5.14 Malaysia LNG Market Export: An Analysis
5.14.1 Malaysia LNG Market by Export

5.15 Indonesia LNG Market Export: An Analysis
5.15.1 Indonesia LNG Market by Export

6. Impact of COVID-19

6.1 Impact of COVID-19 on LNG Market
6.2 Post COVID-19 Impact on LNG Market

7. Market Dynamics

7.1 Growth Drivers
7.1.1 Liquefaction Capacity Development
7.1.2 Increasing Regasification Capacity
7.1.3 Escalating Energy Consumption
7.1.4 Increasing Greenhouse Emissions
7.1.5 Favorable Government Initiatives and Policy Actions
7.1.6 Increasing Demand from Maritime Sector

7.2 Challenges
7.2.1 Price Volatility
7.2.2 Energy Transition and Competition from Renewables
7.2.3 High Infrastructure Costs

7.3 Market Trends
7.3.1 Increasing Number of New LNG Projects
7.3.2 Growing Long-Term SPA Signings
7.3.3 Increasing Demand for Green Energy
7.3.4 Digitalization and Automation
7.3.5 Growing Usage of Lower Emission LNG Technologies
7.3.6 Decarbonization of LNG

8. Competitive Landscape

8.1 Global LNG Market Players by Export Capacity
8.2 India LNG Market Players by LNG terminals

9. Company Profiles

9.1 Chevron Corporation
9.1.1 Business Overview
9.1.2 Operating Segments
9.1.3 Business Strategy

9.2 Shell plc
9.2.1 Business Overview
9.2.2 Operating Segment
9.2.3 Business Strategy

9.3 ExxonMobil Corporation 
9.3.1 Business Overview
9.3.2 Operating Segments
9.3.3 Business Strategy

9.4 TotalEnergies SE
9.4.1 Business Overview
9.4.2 Operating Segments
9.4.3 Business Strategy

9.5 QatarEnergy
9.5.1 Business Overview
9.5.2 Revenue from Contracts with Customers
9.5.3 Business Strategy

9.6 BP plc 
9.6.1 Business Overview
9.6.2 Operating Segments
9.6.3 Business Strategy

9.7 Woodside Energy Group Ltd. 
9.7.1 Business Overview
9.7.2 Operating Segments
9.7.3 Business Strategy

9.8 ConocoPhillips
9.8.1 Business Overview
9.8.2 Operating Segments
9.8.3 Business Strategy

9.9 Inpex Corporation
9.9.1 Business Overview
9.9.2 Operating Segments
9.9.3 Business Strategy

9.10 Equinor
9.10.1 Business Overview
9.10.2 Operating Segments
9.10.3 Business Strategy

9.11 Cheniere Energy, Inc.
9.11.1 Business Overview
9.11.2 Business Strategy

9.12 China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) 
9.12.1 Business Overview
9.12.2 Business Strategy
Figure 1: Uses of LNG
Figure 2: Advantages of LNG over Traditional Fuels
Figure 3: Global LNG Market by Supply; 2018-2022 (MTPA)
Figure 4: Global LNG Market by Supply; 2023-2028 (MTPA)
Figure 5: Global LNG Market by Demand; 2018-2022 (MTPA)
Figure 6: Global LNG Market by Demand; 2023-2028 (MTPA)
Figure 7: Global LNG Market Demand by Region; 2022 (Percentage, %)
Figure 8: Global LNG Market by Trade; 2018-2023(1H) (MTPA)
Figure 9: Asia Pacific LNG Market by Demand; 2018-2022 (MTPA)
Figure 10: Asia Pacific LNG Market by Demand; 2023-2028 (MTPA)
Figure 11: Asia Pacific LNG Market Demand by Region; 2022 (Percentage, %)
Figure 12: Japan LNG Market by Demand; 2018-2022 (MTPA)
Figure 13: Japan LNG Market by Demand; 2023-2028 (MTPA)
Figure 14: China LNG Market by Demand; 2018-2022 (MTPA)
Figure 15: China LNG Market by Demand; 2023-2028 (MTPA)
Figure 16: South Korea LNG Market by Demand; 2018-2022 (MTPA)
Figure 17: South Korea LNG Market by Demand; 2023-2028 (MTPA)
Figure 18: India LNG Market by Demand; 2018-2022 (MTPA)
Figure 19: India LNG Market by Demand; 2023-2028 (MTPA)
Figure 20: Taiwan LNG Market by Demand; 2018-2022 (MTPA)
Figure 21: Taiwan LNG Market by Demand; 2023-2028 (MTPA)
Figure 22: Rest of Asia Pacific LNG Market by Demand; 2018-2022 (MTPA)
Figure 23: Rest of Asia Pacific LNG Market by Demand; 2023-2028 (MTPA)
Figure 24: European Union LNG Market by Demand; 2018-2022 (MTPA)
Figure 25: European Union LNG Market by Demand; 2023-2028 (MTPA)
Figure 26: Middle East & North Africa LNG Market by Demand; 2018-2022 (MTPA)
Figure 27: Middle East & North Africa LNG Market by Demand; 2023-2028 (MTPA)
Figure 28: Latin America LNG Market by Demand; 2018-2022 (MTPA)
Figure 29: Latin America LNG Market by Demand; 2023-2028 (MTPA)
Figure 30: North America LNG Market by Demand; 2018-2022 (MTPA)
Figure 31: North America LNG Market by Demand; 2023-2028 (MTPA)
Figure 32: Rest of World LNG Market by Demand; 2018-2022 (MTPA)
Figure 33: Rest of World LNG Market by Demand; 2023-2028 (MTPA)
Figure 34: Japan LNG Market by Import; 2018-2023(1H) (MTPA)
Figure 35: China LNG Market by Import; 2018-2023(1H) (MTPA)
Figure 36: South Korea LNG Market by Import; 2018-2023(1H) (MTPA)
Figure 37: France LNG Market by Import; 2018-2023(1H) (MTPA)
Figure 38: Spain LNG Market by Import; 2018-2023(1H) (MTPA)
Figure 39: India LNG Market by Import; 2018-2023(1H) (MTPA)
Figure 40: UK LNG Market by Import; 2018-2023(1H) (MTPA)
Figure 41: Australia LNG Market by Export; 2018-2023(1H) (MTPA)
Figure 42: The US LNG Market by Export; 2018-2023(1H) (MTPA)
Figure 43: Qatar LNG Market by Export; 2018-2023(1H) (MTPA)
Figure 44: Russia LNG Market by Export; 2018-2023(1H) (MTPA)
Figure 45: Malaysia LNG Market by Export; 2018-2023(1H) (MTPA)
Figure 46: Indonesia LNG Market by Export; 2018-2023(1H) (MTPA)
Figure 47: Global Operational and FID Approved Liquefaction Development Capacity; 2020-2027 (MTPA)
Figure 48: Global Operational Liquefaction Capacity by Region; April 2023 (Percentage, %)
Figure 49: Global LNG Regasification Capacity by Status and Region; April 2023 (MTPA)
Figure 50: Global Regasification Capacity Growth; 2022-2026 (MTPA)
Figure 51: Global Energy Consumption; 2015-2050 (Quadrillion British Thermal Units)
Figure 52: Global Annual Carbon Emission; 2010-2022 (GtCo2)
Figure 53: Global LNG Prices; 2019-2023 (US$ per Million Metric British Thermal Unit)
Figure 54: Global LNG Market Players by Export Capacity; 2022 (Million Tons Per Annum)
Figure 55: Chevron Total Sales and Other Operating Revenues by Segment; 2022 (Percentage, %)
Figure 56: Shell plc Revenue by Segment; 2022 (Percentage, %)
Figure 57: ExxonMobil Corporation Sales and Other Reporting Revenue by Segments; 2022 (Percentage,%)
Figure 58: TotalEnergies SE Sales by Segments; 2022 (Percentage,%)
Figure 59: QatarEnergy Revenue from Contracts with Customers; 2022 (Percentage,%)
Figure 60: BP plc Sales and Other Operating Revenues by Segment; 2022 (Percentage,%)
Figure 61: Woodside Energy Group Ltd. Operating Revenue by Segment; 2022 (Percentage,%)
Figure 62: ConocoPhillips Sales and Other Operating Revenues by Segment; 2022 (Percentage,%)
Figure 63: Inpex Corporation Net Sales by Segment; 2022 (Percentage,%)
Figure 64: Equinor Total Revenues And Other Income by Segment; 2022 (Percentage,%)
Table 1: Key Policy Action to Manage Energy Security and High Energy Prices
Table 2: Global LNG Projects
Table 3: Few Examples of Long-Term SPA Signings by Companies
Table 4: India LNG Market Players by LNG terminals